When we think of ancient civilizations, these three are certainly the first to come to mind. Ancient Greece had its beginnings in the Archaic period (8th to 6th centuries BC) and lasted to the end of Antiquity (600 AD). It was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and Byzantine Era. The Byzantine Empire was the Greek-speaking part of the Roman Empire, sometimes called the Eastern Roman Empire. Its capital was Constantinople in Byzantium, which is now Istanbul (Turkey). It survived the fall of the (Western) Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, and became the Ottoman Empire, captured by the Ottoman Turks in 1453. When the Roman Empire converted to Christianity, the Byzantines adopted the Orthodox branch of Catholicism. Of course, before Christianity, Greece was Polytheistic. Most of us are familiar with Greek and Roman mythology, the Roman version of the gods influenced by the Greek gods.
Ancient Rome had its beginnings as early as Greece, around the 8th century BC as a Roman Kingdom. From 509-27 BC, it was the Roman Republic, then became the Roman Empire, which lasted until 476 AD, upon which Europe entered into the Dark Ages leading into the Medieval Period. The mythical founding of Rome was by Romulus and Remus, descendents of the great Trojan Aeneas. You can read about him in Vergil's Aeneid (see link below).
The history of these three civilizations is complex indeed, and I have been studying and learning more about them for a couple years. I have many books which will make their way onto this index. It is fascinating stuff! The information in this short introduction has been taken from various pages of Wikipedia, as have all the images unless otherwise noted.
One really cannot fathom how powerful these civilizations were in shaping the modern world. Ancient Greeks and Roman were very well educated and intelligent, philosophical and artistic. Just the fact that the writings and art of these peoples still survives and continues to influence us centuries later is amazing, really quite profound. Sadly, their magnificence has disappeared in modern day. One's heart breaks at the terrible situation facing the Greek people today at the hands of the European Union and its powerful and greedy leaders. Rome, of course still the seat of the Catholic Church, is plagued with scandals over corruptedness and sexual perversion.
On this index, you will find mostly historical materials of these three ethnic groups—wonderful ancient plays, or modern plays based on ancient plays, epic poetry, art, mythology and lots of fascinating history. Of course, any modern materials from these peoples will also be listed here. I hope you enjoy these marvelous books!